3 Natural Predators That Will Keep Mice Out Of Your Yard

Red Tailed Hawk - A Natural Predator Of Mice

Mice, the tiny uninvited guests that everyone dreads, always seem to find their way into our yards. Their presence can cause property damage and create an unpleasant environment for residents.

One proven method to deter these pesky rodents is by attracting their natural predators to your yard. In doing so, not only will you lessen the chances of a mice infestation, but you’ll also create a vibrant ecosystem in your outdoor space.

But which creatures make the best natural predators for mice, you ask? Well, there’s a whole slew of them, including birds of prey, snakes, and even other mammals such as cats and foxes. By creating a habitat that invites these predators, you’ll make it much less appealing for mice to hang around.

Additionally, the use of predator scents can help to deter mice from entering your property in the first place.

Understanding how to attract and maintain a predator-friendly yard requires some research and a little science. This means focusing on habitat elements, food sources, and suitable shelter for predators.

By incorporating these factors into your yard design, you’ll be well on your way to preventing mice infestations while contributing to a healthy ecosystem overall.

Key Takeaways:

  • Attracting natural predators of mice can help deter them from infesting your yard.
  • Birds of prey, snakes, and mammals like cats and foxes are among the top natural predators of mice.
  • Creating a predator-friendly habitat involves providing the right food sources, shelter, and nesting areas.

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Natural Predators of Mice

Red Fox on the prowl for mice in a yard

Birds of Prey

Owls and hawks are great examples of birds that hunt mice. These majestic creatures can be attracted to your yard by installing nest boxes and making sure there’s an ample supply of prey. BSRTOP’s Owl House Owl Nesting Box for Outside is a great way to attract owls to your yard.

Keep the area clear of brush and clutter to provide them with a clear view of the ground, making it easier for them to spot mice.

Some owls and hawks are better than others at controlling the mice population. For example, Oregon State University tells us that barn owls are referred to as the ‘cat with wings’ because of their love for prowling after rodents. They state that a family of barn owls can consume as many as 3,000 rodents per year!

Here’s a table to show some common birds of prey that help control mice:

Bird of PreyCommon NameHabitatDiet
OwlBarn OwlOpen grasslands, agricultural fields, and marshesMice, voles, shrews, and other small mammals
OwlGreat Horned OwlWoodlands, deserts, and wetlandsMice, rabbits, squirrels, and other small mammals
OwlScreech OwlWoodlands, suburban areas, and parksMice, voles, shrews, and other small mammals
HawkRed-tailed HawkWoodlands, grasslands, deserts, and urban areasMice, rabbits, squirrels, and other small mammals
HawkCooper’s HawkWoodlands, suburban areas, and parksMice, rabbits, squirrels, and other small mammals
HawkSharp-shinned HawkWoodlands, suburban areas, and parksMice, voles, shrews, and other small mammals

Note: While these birds of prey are known to prey on mice, their diets can vary depending on their location, season, and availability of prey.


A Coyote searches for a meal in the snowy mountains of Montana.

Among mammals that help control mice population are cats, dogs, foxes, coyotes, weasels, ferrets, and mongoose. Domestic cats and dogs can be great mousers, but make sure they’re safe when hunting.

Building a wildlife-friendly garden can attract wild predators such as foxes and coyotes, but it’s important to ensure they don’t become a nuisance to your neighbors.

Here are some mammals and what they prey on:

  • Cats – Mice, rats, and other small rodents
  • Dogs – Mice, rats, and other small rodents (depends on breed)
  • Foxes – Mice, voles, and other small mammals
  • Coyotes – Mice, rabbits, and other small mammals
  • Weasels – Mice, rats, and other small mammals
  • Ferrets – Mice, rats, and other small mammals


Snakes can be useful allies in keeping mice at bay. Garter snakes and Rat snakes are examples of non-venomous species that can help reduce the mouse population. To attract snakes into your yard, you can provide shelter in the form of rock piles, logs, and compost heaps.

To sum up, using natural predators can be an effective, eco-friendly way to control mice in your yard. Focus on creating a suitable habitat for these helpful creatures, and they’ll repay the favor by helping you take care of the rodent problem.

And of course, the use of predator scents can deter mice and make them think twice about venturing into your yard. Just remember to monitor the balance of your backyard ecosystem as you introduce these predators.

Creating a Predator-Friendly Yard

An owl peeking out of a hole in a tree

Trees, bushes, and woodpiles all serve as natural habitats for mice in your yard! Fortunately, these same areas can also attract mice predators that can help keep your yard free of these pesky rodents.

Owls enjoy nesting in trees, so consider planting a few tall ones in your yard. In addition, providing owl nesting boxes will give these nocturnal hunters a welcome abode. Remember that strategically placing these boxes is key; having an open space surrounded by trees can be perfect!

Hawks are another potential predator to keep an eye out for! Woodpiles and bushes can be tempting for small mammals like mice, but they can also provide cover for birds of prey. To attract hawks, make sure your woodpiles are clear of debris and keep a balance of vegetation in your yard.

Adding features like straw and shelter can pull double duty by attracting natural predators while also repelling mice. For instance, creating a compost pile with straw may attract creatures like snakes, which are natural mice predators.

In addition, providing shelter for creatures such as frogs and lizards in moist, shaded areas can go a long way in repelling mice due to their natural scent. Just keep an eye out for unintended consequences – you don’t want to unintentionally become a snake whisperer!

Consider trying out predator scents to keep mice at bay. Products like fox urine can be found online and can signal that a top predator is nearby, prompting mice to seek safer territories elsewhere. American Heritage Industries Red Fox Urine is quite potent and can send mice scurrying in the opposite direction.

Be cautious, though; while this might keep mice away, it can also attract unwanted predators.

Wrapping Things Up

Attracting predators such as birds of prey and snakes can greatly diminish the number of mice in your yard! You can focus on implementing these natural solutions to rid your yards of mice rather than relying on chemicals or poisons.

In summary, creating a predator-friendly yard can be an effective means of repelling mice. Add trees, bushes, woodpiles, straw, and shelter that specifically attract predators like owls, hawks, and snakes while repelling mice.

Additionally, consider utilizing predator scents judiciously to keep not only mice away but to maintain a balanced ecosystem in your yard. Uphold your reputation as a true animal lover and naturalist!

Even with the most diligent work at attracting natural predators, the mouse population in your yard may quickly get out of hand. In these instances, consider using our nationwide pest control finder to connect with a local pest professional. They can give you advice on how to handle a mouse infestation in the yard.

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